The freedom of Greece is one of the main chapters of its history

The freedom of Greece is one of the key chapters of its history and it was achieved in several stages:

War of Independence (1821-1829): Greece was under Ottoman rule for centuries. At the beginning of the 19th century, the Greeks began to fight for independence from the Ottoman Empire. This struggle led to the Greek War of Independence (or Greek Revolution), which began in 1821.

London Protocol and Independence: In 1827, Britain, France and Russia negotiated the London Protocol, which supported the Greek rebels. This eventually led to the creation of the Kingdom of Greece in 1830 and Greece gaining independence from the Ottoman Empire.

Outbreak of Revolt (1821): The Greek Revolt began on March 25, 1821, when the military leader Alexander Jana of Mani was declared Governor-General of the Greeks. This date is considered Independence Day in Greece.

Battle of Navarino (1827): This naval battle was a decisive moment in the struggle for Greek independence. British, French, and Russian fleets defeated the Ottoman fleet in Navarino Bay, increasing international pressure on the Ottoman Empire.

Treaty of Paris (1830): As a result of this treaty, signed after a series of diplomatic efforts, the Ottoman Empire recognized the independence of Greece and the Greek state received international recognition.

Kingdom of Greece (1832): Otto von Wittelsbach, Prince of Bavaria, became the first King of Greece and the Greek state became a constitutional monarchy.

Return to the Republic (1974): In 1974, Greece held a referendum on the form of government that replaced the monarchy with a republic and transferred power to a popularly elected presidential system.
Greece continued to develop as an independent state, but its history was long and complicated.

History of Greece in the 20th century: Greece experienced many challenges in the 20th century, including two world wars and a civil war. After the Second World War, it became a member of the United Nations and NATO.

Modern Greece: Today, Greece is a sovereign state, a member of the European Union and the Eurozone. Its cultural heritage, rich history and landscapes attract millions of tourists from all over the world. Its history of independence and development as a nation has left a deep mark on its culture and national identity.

This is a summary of important moments in the history of Greece’s struggle for independence and its development as a modern nation.

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